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MeSH Review

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Disease relevance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Psychiatry related information on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  • Furthermore, AD patients with two ApoE epsilon 4 alleles have more-severe loss in hippocampal volume in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and more impairment in tests assessing delayed memory, than AD patients without the epsilon 4 allele, in spite of similar global severity of dementia [6].
  • In this study, we have preformed simultaneous near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) along with BOLD (blood oxygen level dependent) and ASL (arterial spin labeling)-based fMRI during an event-related motor activity in human subjects in order to compare the temporal dynamics of the hemodynamic responses recorded in each method [7].
  • Individual differences in error processing: a review and reanalysis of three event-related fMRI studies using the GO/NOGO task [8].
  • RESULTS: In the Combat versus General Negative comparison, the non-PTSD group exhibited significant fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent signal increases in rostral anterior cingulate cortex, but the PTSD group did not [9].
  • High-resolution in vivo mapping of the rat olfactory bulb with fMRI at high magnetic field promises to provide novel data for understanding olfaction [10].

High impact information on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  • The location of the selected spectral region was determined by conventional proton NMR imaging immediately before examination by phosphorus-31 NMR spectroscopy [11].
  • Here we used fMRI to measure neural activity in the human LGN while subjects viewed contrast-modulated gratings presented dichoptically [12].
  • Language fMRI abnormalities associated with FOXP2 gene mutation [13].
  • Here we demonstrate object-selective fMRI responses (higher responses for intact than for scrambled images of objects) in MT/MST, and especially in a ventral subregion of MT/MST, suggesting that human brain regions involved mainly in the processing of visual motion are also engaged in the analysis of object shape [14].
  • Neural correlates of prickle sensation: a percept-related fMRI study [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Biological context of Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Anatomical context of Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Associations of Magnetic Resonance Imaging with chemical compounds

  • Using fMRI, we scanned human subjects who were presented with visual cues that signaled subsequent reinforcement with a pleasant sweet taste (1 M glucose), a moderately unpleasant salt taste (0.2 M saline), or a neutral taste [31].
  • Subjects who underwent repeat studies showed good replication of the regional fMRI activation pattern following cocaine and saline infusions, with activations on saline retest that might reflect expectancy [32].
  • In this issue of Neuron, McClure et al. and O'Doherty et al. use event-related fMRI to provide some of the strongest evidence to date that the reward prediction error model of dopamine system activity applies equally well to human reward learning [33].
  • Intravenous chelated gadolinium as a contrast agent in NMR imaging of cerebral tumours [34].
  • PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Treatment-seeking methamphetamine-dependent males (N = 46) underwent fMRI 3 to 4 weeks after cessation of drug use [35].

Gene context of Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Magnetic Resonance Imaging


  1. Meningiomas in lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Moss, J., DeCastro, R., Patronas, N.J., Taveira-DaSilva, A. JAMA (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Manganese toxicity in children receiving long-term parenteral nutrition. Fell, J.M., Reynolds, A.P., Meadows, N., Khan, K., Long, S.G., Quaghebeur, G., Taylor, W.J., Milla, P.J. Lancet (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Pharmacological modulation of pain-related brain activity during normal and central sensitization states in humans. Iannetti, G.D., Zambreanu, L., Wise, R.G., Buchanan, T.J., Huggins, J.P., Smart, T.S., Vennart, W., Tracey, I. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Clinical worsening in multiple sclerosis is associated with increased frequency and area of gadopentetate dimeglumine-enhancing magnetic resonance imaging lesions. Smith, M.E., Stone, L.A., Albert, P.S., Frank, J.A., Martin, R., Armstrong, M., Maloni, H., McFarlin, D.E., McFarland, H.F. Ann. Neurol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Infantile spasms: III. Prognostic implications of bitemporal hypometabolism on positron emission tomography. Chugani, H.T., Da Silva, E., Chugani, D.C. Ann. Neurol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. Apolipoprotein E, memory and Alzheimer's disease. Soininen, H.S., Riekkinen, P.J. Trends Neurosci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. A temporal comparison of BOLD, ASL, and NIRS hemodynamic responses to motor stimuli in adult humans. Huppert, T.J., Hoge, R.D., Diamond, S.G., Franceschini, M.A., Boas, D.A. Neuroimage (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Individual differences in error processing: a review and reanalysis of three event-related fMRI studies using the GO/NOGO task. Hester, R., Fassbender, C., Garavan, H. Cereb. Cortex (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. An fMRI study of anterior cingulate function in posttraumatic stress disorder. Shin, L.M., Whalen, P.J., Pitman, R.K., Bush, G., Macklin, M.L., Lasko, N.B., Orr, S.P., McInerney, S.C., Rauch, S.L. Biol. Psychiatry (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. Mapping at glomerular resolution: fMRI of rat olfactory bulb. Kida, I., Xu, F., Shulman, R.G., Hyder, F. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Noninvasive study of high-energy phosphate metabolism in human heart by depth-resolved 31P NMR spectroscopy. Bottomley, P.A. Science (1985) [Pubmed]
  12. Neural correlates of binocular rivalry in the human lateral geniculate nucleus. Wunderlich, K., Schneider, K.A., Kastner, S. Nat. Neurosci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Language fMRI abnormalities associated with FOXP2 gene mutation. Liégeois, F., Baldeweg, T., Connelly, A., Gadian, D.G., Mishkin, M., Vargha-Khadem, F. Nat. Neurosci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Object-selective responses in the human motion area MT/MST. Kourtzi, Z., Bülthoff, H.H., Erb, M., Grodd, W. Nat. Neurosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Neural correlates of prickle sensation: a percept-related fMRI study. Davis, K.D., Pope, G.E., Crawley, A.P., Mikulis, D.J. Nat. Neurosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging in Parkinson's disease before and after levodopa. Haslinger, B., Erhard, P., Kämpfe, N., Boecker, H., Rummeny, E., Schwaiger, M., Conrad, B., Ceballos-Baumann, A.O. Brain (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Displacement of the medial rectus pulley in superior oblique palsy. Clark, R.A., Miller, J.M., Demer, J.L. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. Multiple spin-echo spectroscopic imaging for rapid quantitative assessment of N-acetylaspartate and lactate in acute stroke. Stengel, A., Neumann-Haefelin, T., Singer, O.C., Neumann-Haefelin, C., Zanella, F.E., Lanfermann, H., Pilatus, U. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. 1H chemical shift imaging reveals loss of brain tumor choline signal after administration of Gd-contrast. Sijens, P.E., van den Bent, M.J., Nowak, P.J., van Dijk, P., Oudkerk, M. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (1997) [Pubmed]
  20. Differential fMRI-BOLD signal response to apnea in humans and anesthetized rats. Kannurpatti, S.S., Biswal, B.B., Hudetz, A.G. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Catechol O-methyltransferase val158-met genotype and individual variation in the brain response to amphetamine. Mattay, V.S., Goldberg, T.E., Fera, F., Hariri, A.R., Tessitore, A., Egan, M.F., Kolachana, B., Callicott, J.H., Weinberger, D.R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Quantitative measurement of regional blood flow with gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetate bolus track NMR imaging in cerebral infarcts in rats: validation with the iodo[14C]antipyrine technique. Wittlich, F., Kohno, K., Mies, G., Norris, D.G., Hoehn-Berlage, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Statistical tests for fMRI based on experimental randomization. Raz, J., Zheng, H., Ombao, H., Turetsky, B. Neuroimage (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Multivariate analysis of neuronal interactions in the generalized partial least squares framework: simulations and empirical studies. Lin, F.H., McIntosh, A.R., Agnew, J.A., Eden, G.F., Zeffiro, T.A., Belliveau, J.W. Neuroimage (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Effects of methylphenidate on functional MRI blood-oxygen-level-dependent contrast. Rao, S.M., Salmeron, B.J., Durgerian, S., Janowiak, J.A., Fischer, M., Risinger, R.C., Conant, L.L., Stein, E.A. The American journal of psychiatry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Dose-dependent decrease of activation in bilateral amygdala and insula by lorazepam during emotion processing. Paulus, M.P., Feinstein, J.S., Castillo, G., Simmons, A.N., Stein, M.B. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  27. Dynamic mapping at the laminar level of odor-elicited responses in rat olfactory bulb by functional MRI. Yang, X., Renken, R., Hyder, F., Siddeek, M., Greer, C.A., Shepherd, G.M., Shulman, R.G. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Episodic memory in left temporal lobe epilepsy: a functional MRI study. Dupont, S., Van de Moortele, P.F., Samson, S., Hasboun, D., Poline, J.B., Adam, C., Lehéricy, S., Le Bihan, D., Samson, Y., Baulac, M. Brain (2000) [Pubmed]
  29. Left thalamo-cortical network implicated in successful speech separation and identification. Alain, C., Reinke, K., McDonald, K.L., Chau, W., Tam, F., Pacurar, A., Graham, S. Neuroimage (2005) [Pubmed]
  30. Chronic administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) paroxetine modulates human motor cortex excitability in healthy subjects. Gerdelat-Mas, A., Loubinoux, I., Tombari, D., Rascol, O., Chollet, F., Simonetta-Moreau, M. Neuroimage (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Neural responses during anticipation of a primary taste reward. O'Doherty, J.P., Deichmann, R., Critchley, H.D., Dolan, R.J. Neuron (2002) [Pubmed]
  32. Acute effects of cocaine on human brain activity and emotion. Breiter, H.C., Gollub, R.L., Weisskoff, R.M., Kennedy, D.N., Makris, N., Berke, J.D., Goodman, J.M., Kantor, H.L., Gastfriend, D.R., Riorden, J.P., Mathew, R.T., Rosen, B.R., Hyman, S.E. Neuron (1997) [Pubmed]
  33. Principles of pleasure prediction: specifying the neural dynamics of human reward learning. Braver, T.S., Brown, J.W. Neuron (2003) [Pubmed]
  34. Intravenous chelated gadolinium as a contrast agent in NMR imaging of cerebral tumours. Carr, D.H., Brown, J., Bydder, G.M., Weinmann, H.J., Speck, U., Thomas, D.J., Young, I.R. Lancet (1984) [Pubmed]
  35. Neural activation patterns of methamphetamine-dependent subjects during decision making predict relapse. Paulus, M.P., Tapert, S.F., Schuckit, M.A. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. Molecular cloning and functional characterization of the mouse organic-anion-transporting polypeptide 1 (Oatp1) and mapping of the gene to chromosome X. Hagenbuch, B., Adler, I.D., Schmid, T.E. Biochem. J. (2000) [Pubmed]
  37. Magnetic resonance imaging of the wrist in early rheumatoid arthritis reveals progression of erosions despite clinical improvement. McQueen, F.M., Stewart, N., Crabbe, J., Robinson, E., Yeoman, S., Tan, P.L., McLean, L. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (1999) [Pubmed]
  38. MRI abnormalities in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1): a study of men and mice. Rosenbaum, T., Engelbrecht, V., Krölls, W., van Dorsten, F.A., Hoehn-Berlage, M., Lenard, H.G. Brain Dev. (1999) [Pubmed]
  39. Selective effects of methylphenidate in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a functional magnetic resonance study. Vaidya, C.J., Austin, G., Kirkorian, G., Ridlehuber, H.W., Desmond, J.E., Glover, G.H., Gabrieli, J.D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  40. Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia: phenotypic differences in genetically defined subtypes? Schöls, L., Amoiridis, G., Büttner, T., Przuntek, H., Epplen, J.T., Riess, O. Ann. Neurol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  41. Event-related fMRI with simultaneous and continuous EEG: description of the method and initial case report. Lemieux, L., Salek-Haddadi, A., Josephs, O., Allen, P., Toms, N., Scott, C., Krakow, K., Turner, R., Fish, D.R. Neuroimage (2001) [Pubmed]
  42. The perception of phantom limbs. The D. O. Hebb lecture. Ramachandran, V.S., Hirstein, W. Brain (1998) [Pubmed]
  43. Language mapping in less than 15 minutes: real-time functional MRI during routine clinical investigation. Fernández, G., de Greiff, A., von Oertzen, J., Reuber, M., Lun, S., Klaver, P., Ruhlmann, J., Reul, J., Elger, C.E. Neuroimage (2001) [Pubmed]
  44. Partial least squares analysis of neuroimaging data: applications and advances. McIntosh, A.R., Lobaugh, N.J. Neuroimage (2004) [Pubmed]
  45. Simultaneous glutamate and perfusion fMRI responses to regional brain stimulation. Forman, S.D., Silva, A.C., Dedousis, N., Barbier, E.L., Fernstrom, J.D., Koretsky, A.P. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1998) [Pubmed]
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