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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dose-dependent effect of 8-day cisplatin administration upon the morphology of the albino guinea pig cochlea.

Numerous studies investigating cisplatin ototoxicity in animals have been performed, but it is difficult to derive a clear dose-effect relation from these studies. The degree of cisplatin-induced ototoxicity depends on a multitude of factors. Many parameters, such as dose, mode of administration, dosage schedule and concomitant administration of protective additives, vary among the published studies. Therefore, we performed a basic dose-effect study on cisplatin ototoxicity in the guinea pig. Albino guinea pigs were treated with cisplatin at daily doses of either 0.7, 1.0, 1.25, 1.5 or 2.0 mg/kg for 8 consecutive days. Electrocochleography was performed on day 10 after which the cochleas were removed and processed for histological examination. The electrophysiological results showed a marked transition from almost no ototoxic effect to a large effect between a daily dose of 1.25 and 1.5 mg/kg (Stengs et al., 1998). Outer hair cell (OHC) counts corresponded well with the electrophysiological results. At daily doses of 0.7, 1.0 and 1.25 mg/kg no statistically significant OHC loss was observed, whereas OHC loss averaged 60% and 65% in the basal turns at daily doses of 1. 5 and 2.0 mg/kg, respectively. Morphological changes in the stria vascularis were present only in cochleas from animals treated with cisplatin doses of 1.0, 1.25 and 1.5 mg/kg/day. Cochleas from animals treated with a daily cisplatin dose of 2.0 mg/kg for 8 consecutive days showed an endolymphatic hydrops. The present study shows that cisplatin, administered at a daily dose of 1.5 mg/kg for 8 consecutive days, provides a degree of OHC loss that is well suited to study the effects of putative protective agents and possible hair cell recovery.[1]


  1. Dose-dependent effect of 8-day cisplatin administration upon the morphology of the albino guinea pig cochlea. Cardinaal, R.M., de Groot, J.C., Huizing, E.H., Veldman, J.E., Smoorenburg, G.F. Hear. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
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