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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Salivary gland mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma immunoglobulin V(H) genes show frequent use of V1-69 with distinctive CDR3 features.

Salivary gland mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type lymphomas are B-cell neoplasms that develop out of a reactive infiltrate, often associated with Sjögren's syndrome. Previous reports from our laboratory involving 10 patients suggested these lymphomas expressed a restricted immunoglobulin (Ig) V(H) gene repertoire with over use of V1-69 gene segments. To better determine the frequency of V1-69 use and whether there may also be selection for CDR3 structures, we sequenced the V(H) genes from 15 additional cases. Over half of the potentially functional V(H) genes (8 of 14) used a V(H)1 family V1-69 gene segment, whereas the other cases used different gene segments from the V(H)1 (V1-46), V(H)3 (V3-7, V3-11, V3-30.3, V3-30.5), and V(H)4 (V4-39) families. The 8 V1-69 V(H) genes used 5 different D segments in various reading frames, but all used a J4 joining segment. The V1-69 CDR3s showed remarkable similarities in lengths (12-14 amino acids) and stretches of 2 to 3 amino acids between the V-D and D-J junctions. They did not resemble CDR3s typical of V1-69 chronic lymphocytic leukemias. This study extends our earlier work in establishing that salivary gland MALT lymphomas represent a highly selected B-cell population. Frequent use of V1-69 appears to differ from MALT lymphomas that develop at other sites. The high degree of CDR3 similarity among the V1-69 cases suggests that different salivary gland lymphomas may bind similar, if not identical epitopes. Although the antigen specificities are presently unknown, similar characteristic CDR3 sequences are often seen with V1-69 encoded antibodies that have anti-IgG or rheumatoid factor activity. (Blood. 2000;95:3878-3884)[1]


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