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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel transmembrane serine/threonine protein kinase gene from a rifamycin SV-producing amycolatopsis mediterranei U32.

Genomic DNA sequencing in the vicinity of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase gene (mutAB) from a rifamycin SV-producing Amycolatopsis mediterranei U32 allowed us to clone, sequence, and identify a gene encoding a novel serine/threonine protein kinase (amk). The sequence contains a complete ORF of 1821 base pairs encoding a predicted protein of 606 amino acids in length. The N-terminal domain of the protein shows significant homology to the catalytic domain of other protein kinases from both prokaryotic and eukaryotic sources. It also contains all the structural features that are highly conserved in active protein kinases, including the Gly-X-Gly-X-X-Gly motif of ATP-binding and the essential amino acids known to be important for the recognition of the correct hydroxyamino acid in serine/threonine protein kinase. This protein kinase gene was expressed in Escherichia coli and was shown to have the ability of autophosphorylation. The autophosphorylated site was found to be the threonine at position 164 by labeled phosphoamino acid analysis and site-directed mutagenesis. The C-terminal half of protein kinase was found to contain strong transmembrane structures by PhoA fusion protein analysis, suggesting that Amk protein kinase is a transmembrane protein. A Southern hybridization experiment showed that this type of protein kinase is distributed ubiquitously and might play significant physiological roles in the various species of streptomycetes. However, overexpression of amk gene in Streptomyces cinnamonensis showed no effect on methylmalonyl-CoA mutase activity, monensin production and the hyphae morphology. Although its biological role is still unknown, Amk protein kinase is the first transmembrane serine/threonine protein kinase described for genus Amycolatopsis.[1]


  1. A novel transmembrane serine/threonine protein kinase gene from a rifamycin SV-producing amycolatopsis mediterranei U32. Zhang, W., Li, L., Jiang, W., Zhao, G., Yang, Y., Chiao, J. Eur. J. Biochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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