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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Conjugation and modeled structure/function analysis of lysozyme on glycine esterified cotton cellulose-fibers.

The antimicrobial activity of lysozyme covalently bound to glycine-derivatized cotton cellulose was assessed in a 96-well format. Lysozyme was immobilized on glycine-bound cotton through a carbodiimide reaction. The attachment to cotton fibers was made through both a single glycine and a glycine dipeptide esterified to cotton cellulose. Higher levels of lysozyme incorporation were evident in the diglycine-linked cotton cellulose samples. The antibacterial activity of the lysozyme-conjugated cotton cellulose against Bacillus subtilis was assessed as a suspension of pulverized cotton fibers in microtiter wells. Inhibition of B. subtilis growth was observed to be optimal within a range of 0.14-0.3 mM (equivalent to 4-20 mg of lysozyme-bound cotton/mL) of lysozyme. Enhancement of activity over soluble lysozyme may result from the solid-phase protection afforded by the cellulose linkage of the glycoprotein against proteolytic lysis. Computational models of lysozyme based on its crystal structure attached through aspartate, glutamate, and COOH-terminal residues to cellopentaose-(3) Gly-O-6-glycyl-glycine ester were constructed. The models demonstrate no steric constraints to the active-site cleft from the glycine-conjugated cellulose chain when lysozyme is bound at the carboxylates of Asp-87, Glu-7, Asp-119, Asp-18, and COOH-terminal Leu-129. The more robust antibacterial activity of the enzyme when bonded to cotton fibers suggests good potential for biologically active enzymes on cotton-based fabrics.[1]


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