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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Promoter trapping of a novel medium-chain acyl-CoA oxidase, which is induced transcriptionally during Arabidopsis seed germination.

The first step of peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation is catalyzed by a family of acyl-CoA oxidase isozymes with distinct fatty acyl-CoA chain-length specificities. Here we identify a new acyl-CoA oxidase gene from Arabidopsis (AtACX3) following the isolation of a promoter-trapped mutant in which beta-glucuronidase expression was initially detected in the root meristem. In acx3 mutant seedlings medium-chain acyl-CoA oxidase activity was reduced by 95%, whereas long- and short-chain activities were unchanged. Despite this reduction in activity lipid catabolism and seedling development were not perturbed. AtACX3 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme displayed medium-chain acyl-CoA substrate specificity. Analysis of beta-glucuronidase activity in acx3 revealed that, in addition to constitutive expression in the root axis, AtACX3 is also up-regulated strongly in the hypocotyl and cotyledons of germinating seedlings. This suggests that beta-oxidation is regulated predominantly at the level of transcription in germinating oilseeds. After the discovery of AtACX3, the Arabidopsis acyl-CoA oxidase gene family now comprises four isozymes with substrate specificities that encompass the full range of acyl-CoA chain lengths that exist in vivo.[1]

References

  1. Promoter trapping of a novel medium-chain acyl-CoA oxidase, which is induced transcriptionally during Arabidopsis seed germination. Eastmond, P.J., Hooks, M.A., Williams, D., Lange, P., Bechtold, N., Sarrobert, C., Nussaume, L., Graham, I.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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