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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Differential expression of the LAMB3 and LAMC2 genes between small cell and non-small cell lung carcinomas.

To identify genes differentially expressed between small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cells and non-SCLC cells, mRNA differential display was applied to 3 SCLC cell lines and 6 non-SCLC cell lines. The LAMB3 gene was identified as being expressed only in non-SCLC cells and not in SCLC cells. The LAMB3 gene encodes the laminin beta3 chain, which is a unique component of laminin-5. Laminin-5 is a heterotrimer protein consisting of the alpha3, beta3, and gamma2 chains, and another unique component of laminin-5 is the gamma2 chain encoded by the LAMC2 gene. RT-PCR analysis of the LAMB3 and LAMC2 genes in 45 lung cancer cell lines revealed that both the LAMB3 and LAMC2 genes were co-expressed in 21 of 32 non-SCLC cell lines (66%) but only in one of 13 SCLC cell lines (8%). Coexpression of the LAMB3 and LAMC2 genes was also observed in all 4 cases of primary non-SCLC cells examined but not in the corresponding non-cancerous lung cells. Since alpha6beta4 integrin, the specific laminin-5 binding receptor, is known to be expressed only in non-SCLC cells and not in SCLC cells, it was indicated that laminin-5 is a critical microenvironmental factor for the growth of non-SCLC cells but not of SCLC cells. The differences in the expression of integrins and laminins would be critical factors to distinguish SCLC and non-SCLC cells, and such differences might be associated with the unique biological properties of SCLC cells, including metastatic potential and drug sensitivity.[1]

References

  1. Differential expression of the LAMB3 and LAMC2 genes between small cell and non-small cell lung carcinomas. Manda, R., Kohno, T., Niki, T., Yamada, T., Takenoshita, S., Kuwano, H., Yokota, J. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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