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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potentiation of growth hormone-induced liver suppressors of cytokine signaling messenger ribonucleic acid by cytokines.

Endotoxin and proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) induce a state of GH resistance. A new family of suppressors of cytokine signaling ( SOCS), induced by cytokines activating the Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway, has been recently identified as a negative feedback loop of intracellular signaling. Overexpression of some SOCS (SOCS-3, CIS, and SOCS-2) has been reported to inhibit the JAK-STAT pathway stimulated by GH. To assess the possible role of these three SOCS proteins in the GH resistance induced by endotoxin and cytokines, we investigated the regulation of their gene expression by endotoxin and GH in rat liver and by proinflammatory cytokines and GH in primary culture hepatocytes. Both GH and lipopolysaccharide induced the three SOCS messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in vivo. In vitro, GH also increased the liver mRNAs encoding SOCS-2, SOCS-3, and CIS. Although IL-1/beta and TNFalpha alone induced only weakly the expression of SOCS-3 and CIS, these cytokines strongly potentiated the induction of these two SOCS by GH. In contrast, IL-6 alone markedly induced SOCS-3 mRNA, but did not potentiate the GH action on SOCS-3 and CIS mRNAs. The GH induction of SOCS-2 was not potentiated by any of these cytokines. Considering the ability of these SOCS to inhibit the JAK-STAT pathway induced by GH, these results suggest that the overexpression of SOCS-3 and CIS mRNAs induced by IL-1beta and TNFalpha or by endotoxin in vivo may play a role in the GH resistance induced by sepsis.[1]


  1. Potentiation of growth hormone-induced liver suppressors of cytokine signaling messenger ribonucleic acid by cytokines. Colson, A., Le Cam, A., Maiter, D., Edery, M., Thissen, J.P. Endocrinology (2000) [Pubmed]
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