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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of endothelin-1 on human platelet shape change: reversal of activation by naftidrofuryl.

Naftidrofuryl (Praxilene; NAF) significantly improves claudication distance in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD). Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a powerful endogenous vasoconstrictor and the circulating levels of ET-1 are elevated in patients with vascular disease. Platelet rich plasma ( PRP) was prepared from healthy volunteers. NAF at concentrations similar to therapeutic levels (3.5-14 micromol/l), inhibited (P < 0.02) platelet activation (as indicated by a fall in median platelet volume, MPV) induced by ET-1 (0.4 micromol/l) alone. NAF also inhibited (P <0.0001) shape change (PSC; an early phase of platelet activation, characterised by an increase in MPV) induced by ET-1 (0.4 micromol/l) in combination with ADP (0.05-0.15 micromol/l) or serotonin (0.03-0.13 micromol/ l). We assessed the effect of ET(A) (BQ123, 50 nmol/l) or ET(B) (BQ788, 50 nmol/l) receptor antagonists on PSC induced by ET-1 alone. Both antagonists significantly inhibited PSC. We conclude that ET-1 activates human platelets. Both ET(A) and ET(B) receptors probably contribute to this response by a complex mechanism that requires further elucidation. NAF antagonises the action of ET-1 on human platelets. These actions may contribute to the beneficial effects of NAF in PVD.[1]


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