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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhalation of toluene diisocyanate affects cytochrome P450 2B1 expression in rat lung.

In the lung the expression of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes such as cytochromes P450 (CYP) and glutathione S-transferases (GST) may be affected by inhaled pollutants. Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is a highly volatile chemical compound known to induce a wide array of diseases in workers exposed to vapors or sprays, including respiratory allergy and asthma. We investigated the effect of inhaled TDI on expression of CYP 1A1, 2B1, 2E1, and 3A1 and of alpha-, mu-, and pi-GST in rat lung. Animals were exposed to targeted concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, or 1 ppm TDI vapors or to cleaned filtered air for 8 h. Expression of CYP and GST was analyzed 18 24 h after the end of exposure using western blotting, northern blotting, and immunohistochemistry. Constitutive levels of CYP 2B1 and 3A1 proteins were found in lung tissue from control rats, whereas CYP 1A1 and 2E1 proteins were not detectable. Animal exposure to TDI vapors neither modified CYP 3A1 protein expression, nor led to any detectable expression of CYP 1A1 or 2E1. In contrast, exposure to 1 ppm TDI induced a 40% reduction in CYP 2B1 protein levels. This decrease was associated with a 33% decrease in CYP 2B1 mRNA levels. Additionally, CYP 2B1 immunolabeling localized to ciliated epithelial cells, Clara cells, and type II alveolar cells in the lung tissue of control rats was markedly decreased in animals exposed to 1 ppm TDI. Constitutive levels of alpha-, mu-, and pi-GST proteins were found in lung tissue from control rats. Exposure to TDI had no effect on lung expression of either of the GST. In conclusion, this study clearly shows a selective decrease in CYP 2B1 expression by TDI vapors in rat lung. The contribution of CYP 2B1 to metabolize further xenobiotics is therefore altered.[1]


  1. Inhalation of toluene diisocyanate affects cytochrome P450 2B1 expression in rat lung. Pons, F., Haag, M., Corcos, L., Bonnet, P., Guillouzo, A., Lugnier, A., Frossard, N. Arch. Toxicol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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