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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantitation of DNA and hemoglobin adducts and apurinic/apyrimidinic sites in tissues of F344 rats exposed to propylene oxide by inhalation.

Propylene oxide (PO) is a relatively weak mutagen that induces nasal tumor formation in rats during long-term inhalation studies at high exposures (> or =300 p.p.m.), concentrations that also cause cytotoxicity and increases in cell proliferation. Direct alkylation of DNA by PO leads mainly to the formation of N:7-(2-hydroxypropyl)guanine (7-HPG). In this study, the accumulation of 7-HPG in tissues of male F344 rats exposed to 500 p. p.m. PO (6 h/day, 5 days/week for 4 weeks) by the inhalation route was measured by gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS). In animals killed up to 7 h following the end of the last exposure the levels of 7-HPG (pmol/micromol guanine) in nasal respiratory tissue, nasal olfactory tissue, lung, spleen, liver and testis DNA were 606.2 +/- 53.0, 297.5 +/- 56.5, 69.8 +/- 3.8, 43.0 +/- 3.8, 27.5 +/- 2.4 and 14.2 +/- 0.7, respectively. The amounts of 7-HPG in the same tissues of animals killed 3 days after cessation of exposure were 393.3 +/- 57.0, 222.7 +/- 29.5, 51.5 +/- 1.2, 26.7 +/- 1.0, 18.0 +/- 2.6 and 10.4 +/- 0. 1. A comparable rate of disappearance of 7-HPG was found among all tissues. DNA from lymphocytes pooled from four rats killed at the end of the last exposure was found to have 39.6 pmol adduct/micromol guanine. Quantitation of DNA apurinic/apyrimidinic sites, potentially formed after adduct loss by chemical depurination or DNA repair, showed no difference between tissues from control and exposed rats. The level of N:-(2-hydroxypropyl)valine in hemoglobin of exposed rats was also determined using a modified Edman degradation method followed by GC-HRMS analysis. The value obtained was 90.2 +/- 10.3 pmol/mg globin. These data demonstrate that nasal respiratory tissue, which is the target tissue for carcinogenesis, has a much greater level of alkylation of DNA than non-target tissues.[1]


  1. Quantitation of DNA and hemoglobin adducts and apurinic/apyrimidinic sites in tissues of F344 rats exposed to propylene oxide by inhalation. Ríos-Blanco, M.N., Faller, T.H., Nakamura, J., Kessler, W., Kreuzer, P.E., Ranasinghe, A., Filser, J.G., Swenberg, J.A. Carcinogenesis (2000) [Pubmed]
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