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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer associated with disseminated superficial porokeratosis. Microsatellite instability in skin tumours.

A 73-year-old man presented with typical lesions of disseminated superficial porokeratosis (DSP) and multiple seborrhoeic keratoses on his face, trunk and extremities, and later developed a keratoacanthoma on his lip. He belonged to a cancer-prone pedigree susceptible to colonic, uterine and other internal cancers, and had a personal history of early gastric cancer and advanced adenocarcinoma of the descending colon without adenomatous polyps at age 59 years. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of skin samples for seven separate microsatellite polymorphisms revealed microsatellite instability (MSI) at multiple loci in five of six seborrhoeic keratoses and the keratoacanthoma, strongly suggesting underlying defects in DNA mismatch repair. Although no germline mutations in two mismatch repair genes hMSH2 and hMLH1 were found, our patient was recognized as having hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) based on the family history and the findings of the microsatellite analysis of skin tumours. This confirmed the usefulness of detection of MSI in prevalent and readily accessible skin lesions, including non-sebaceous non-dysplastic tumours such as seborrhoeic keratosis in the screening of HNPCC families. Although DSP may also be inherited as an autosomal dominant condition, this particular skin disease appeared to be sporadic in our patient and, to our knowledge, no association of DSP or other forms of porokeratosis with HNPCC has previously been reported. In contrast to the seborrhoeic keratoses and keratoacanthoma, no MSI was observed in two samples from DSP lesional epidermis examined.[1]


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