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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Down-regulation of L-selectin expression in neutrophils by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: role of intracellular ATP concentration.

L-selectin is an adhesion molecule that plays an essential role in the early events of the inflammatory response. Our group has recently described that several nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are able to induce both in vivo and in vitro the shedding of L-selectin in neutrophils through an unknown mechanism. In this work, we have studied potential mechanisms involved in the shedding of L-selectin induced by NSAIDs. This effect of NSAIDs did not involve any detectable intracellular calcium flux. Pretreatment of neutrophils either with Ro 31-8220 and H7, 2 specific inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), or with inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinases such as tyrphostin A25 or herbimycin A did not prevent the NSAID-mediated L-selectin shedding. However, the KD-IX-73-4, an inhibitor of L-selectin proteolysis was able to block the effect of NSAIDs on L-selectin expression. Remarkably, NSAIDs caused a variable reduction in the neutrophil intracellular ATP concentration that highly correlated with the differential ability of NSAIDs to trigger L-selectin shedding (r = 0.8, P <.01). In agreement with this finding, azide plus 2-deoxy-D-glucose, 2 metabolic blockers, also induced a rapid L-selectin shedding (65% +/- 8%) without affecting the neutrophil viability, activation, or expression level of other surface molecules with soluble isoforms such as CD16 and CD59. These data indicate that the maintenance of L-selectin on the neutrophil surface requires energy consumption, which suggests that L-selectin is shed in neutrophils by default. Interestingly, NSAIDs seem to cause the shedding of L-selectin, at least in part, through the reduction of the intracellular ATP concentration.[1]


  1. Down-regulation of L-selectin expression in neutrophils by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: role of intracellular ATP concentration. Gómez-Gaviro, M.V., Domínguez-Jiménez, C., Carretero, J.M., Sabando, P., González-Alvaro, I., Sánchez-Madrid, F., Díaz-González, F. Blood (2000) [Pubmed]
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