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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Divergent roles for p55 and p75 tumor necrosis factor receptors in the pathogenesis of MOG(35-55)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

To clarify the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the inflammatory aspects of autoimmunity vs its potential role in the apoptotic elimination of autoreactive effector cells, we assessed the roles of the p55 (TNFR1/Tnfrsf1a/CD120a) and p75 (TNFR2/Tnfrsf1b/CD120b) TNF receptors in the pathogenesis of MOG(35-55)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). TNFR p55/p75(-/-) double knockout mice were completely resistant to clinical disease. TNFR p55(-/-) single knockout mice were also totally resistant to EAE, exhibiting reduced MOG(35-55)- specific proliferative responses and Th1 cytokine production, despite displaying equivalent DTH responses. Importantly, IL-5 was significantly increased in p55(-/-) mice. In contrast, p75(-/-) knockout mice exhibited exacerbated EAE, enhanced Th1 cytokine production, and enhanced CD4(+) and F4/80(+) CNS infiltration. Thus, p55/TNFR1 is required for the initiation of pathologic disease, whereas p75/TNFR2 may be important in regulating the immune response. These results have important implications for therapies targeting p55 and p75 receptors for treating autoimmune diseases.[1]

References

  1. Divergent roles for p55 and p75 tumor necrosis factor receptors in the pathogenesis of MOG(35-55)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Suvannavejh, G.C., Lee, H.O., Padilla, J., Dal Canto, M.C., Barrett, T.A., Miller, S.D. Cell. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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