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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Obligate mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in parathyroid hormone stimulation of calcium transport but not calcium signaling.

PTH regulates calcium homeostasis through direct actions on its cognate type I receptor in the kidney and bone. PTH inhibits phosphate transport in renal proximal (PCT) tubules and stimulates calcium absorption by distal convoluted tubules (DCT). We examined PTH activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) cascade raf-MEK- ERK in PCT and DCT cells and its effects on calcium transport and signaling. In DCT cells, PTH stimulates phosphorylation of ERK2 and activation of ERK2 kinase and is blocked by the MEK inhibitor PD98059. In DCT cells, stimulation of calcium entry with ionomycin did not activate ERK2 or augment PTH-stimulated ERK2 activity, indicating that MAPK activation lies upstream of calcium entry. ERK2 activation by PTH was blocked by the protein kinase C inhibitor calphostin-C but was unaffected by the protein kinase A inhibitor Rp-cAMPs. PD98059 abolished the increase of intracellular calcium induced by PTH demonstrating that ERK2 activation is directly involved in the increase of intracellular calcium activated by PTH in the DCT. Thus, PTH- stimulated ERK2 activation is PKC dependent and calcium independent. PTH also induced ERK2 phosphorylation in PCT cells. However, this effect is not involved in the transient rise of intracellular calcium because PD98059 did not inhibit the PTH-stimulated rise of intracellular calcium but abolished ERK2 activation. In conclusion, PTH activates MAPK in both distal and proximal renal tubule cells. However, the rise of [Ca2+]i depends upon MAPK activation only in distal cells. Thus, a common PTH1R exhibits differential signaling along the nephron that contributes to the ability to regulate distinct physiological actions of PTH.[1]


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