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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Yeast Eap1p, an eIF4E-associated protein, has a separate function involving genetic stability.

A rate-limiting step during translation initiation in eukaryotic cells involves binding of the initiation factor eIF4E to the 7-methylguanosine-containing cap of mRNAs. Overexpression of eIF4E leads to malignant transformation [1-3], and eIF4E is elevated in many human cancers [4-7]. In mammalian cells, three eIF4E-binding proteins each interact with eIF4E and inhibit its function [8-10]. In yeast, EAP1 encodes a protein that binds eIF4E and inhibits cap-dependent translation in vitro [11]. A point mutation in the canonical eIF4E- binding motif of Eap1p blocks its interaction with eIF4E [11]. Here, we characterized the genetic interactions between EAP1 and NDC1, a gene whose function is required for duplication of the spindle pole body (SPB) [12], the centrosome-equivalent organelle in yeast that functions as the centrosome. We found that the deletion of EAP1 is lethal when combined with the ndc1-1 mutation. Mutations in NDC1 or altered NDC1 gene dosage lead to genetic instability [13,14]. Yeast strains lacking EAP1 also exhibit genetic instability. We tested whether these phenotypes are due to loss of EAP1 function in regulating translation. We found that both the synthetic lethal phenotype and the genetic instability phenotypes are rescued by a mutant allele of EAP1 that is unable to bind eIF4E. Our findings suggest that Eap1p carries out an eIF4E-independent function to maintain genetic stability, most likely involving SPBs.[1]


  1. Yeast Eap1p, an eIF4E-associated protein, has a separate function involving genetic stability. Chial, H.J., Stemm-Wolf, A.J., McBratney, S., Winey, M. Curr. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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