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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ligation of CD27 on murine B cells responding to T-dependent and T-independent stimuli inhibits the generation of plasma cells.

B cells can be stimulated either allogenically with the Th cell clone D10G4.1 and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells or polyclonally with LPS to proliferate and undergo terminal differentiation to Ig-secreting plasma cells in vitro. The addition of anti-CD27 to such cultures inhibits Ig secretion, and inhibition is more marked in T-dependent cultures than in T-independent cultures. Both IgM and secondary isotypes are affected, and addition of anti-CD27 even 4 days after culture initiation inhibits Ig secretion. Anti-CD27 does not affect B cell proliferation or the acquisition of activation markers by B cells, and no marked loss of B cell viability is detected in cells cultured in the presence of anti-CD27, suggesting that the inhibition of Ig secretion is not due to inhibition of early activation events or to death of activated cells in vitro. However, the presence of anti-CD27 significantly inhibits the induction of Blimp-1 and J chain transcripts, which are turned on in cells committed to plasma cell differentiation. Furthermore, mice immunized under cover of anti-CD27 make less Ag-specific IgM and IgG, but have equivalent T cell responses when compared with control mice. These data suggest that ligation of CD27, a member of the TNFR family, on the B cell surface may prevent terminal differentiation of activated B cells into Ig-secreting plasma cells.[1]


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