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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potential role of eNOS in the therapeutic control of myocardial oxygen consumption by ACE inhibitors and amlodipine.

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the potential therapeutic role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the modulation of cardiac O(2) consumption induced by the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ramiprilat and amlodipine. METHODS: Three different groups of mice were used; wild type, wild type in the presence of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10(-4) mol/l) or genetically altered mice lacking the eNOS gene (eNOS -/-). Myocardial O(2) consumption was measured using a Clark-type O(2) electrode in an air-tight stirred bath. Concentration-response curves to ramiprilat (RAM), amlodipine (AMLO), diltiazem (DIL), carbachol (CCL), substance P (SP) and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP) were performed. The rate of decrease in O(2) concentration was expressed as a percentage of the baseline. RESULTS: Baseline O(2) consumption was not different between the three groups of mice. In tissues from wild type mice, RAM (10(-5) mol/l), AMLO (10(-5) mol/l), DIL (10(-4) mol/l), CCL (10(-4) mol/l), SP (10(-7) mol/l) and SNAP (10(-4) mol/l) reduced myocardial O(2) consumption by -32+/-4, -27+/-10, -20+/-6, -25+/-2, -22+/-4 and -42+/-4%, respectively. The responses to RAM, AMLO, CCL and SP were absent in tissues taken from eNOS -/- mice (-7.1+/-4.3, -5.0+/-6.0, -5.2+/-5.1 and -0.4+/-0.2%, respectively). In addition, L-NAME significantly (P<0.05) inhibited the reduction in O(2) consumption induced by RAM (-9.8+/-4.4%), AMLO (-1.0+/-6.0%), CCL (-8.8+/-3.7%) and SP (-6.6+/-4.9%) in cardiac tissues from wild type mice. In contrast, NO-independent responses to the calcium channel antagonist, DIL, and responses to the NO donor, SNAP, were not affected in cardiac tissues taken from eNOS -/- (DIL: -20+/-4%; SNAP: -46+/-6%) or L-NAME-treated (DIL: -17+/-2%; SNAP: -33+/-5%) mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that endogenous endothelial NO synthase derived NO serves an important role in the regulation of myocardial O(2) consumption. This action may contribute to the therapeutic action of ACE inhibitors and amlodipine.[1]


  1. Potential role of eNOS in the therapeutic control of myocardial oxygen consumption by ACE inhibitors and amlodipine. Loke, K.E., Messina, E.J., Shesely, E.G., Kaley, G., Hintze, T.H. Cardiovasc. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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