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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Mechanism of amelioration of insulin resistance by beta3-adrenoceptor agonist AJ-9677 in the KK-Ay/Ta diabetic obese mouse model.

The mechanism by which the specific beta3-adrenoceptor agonist AJ-9677 relieves insulin resistance in vivo was investigated by studying its effects in the white and brown adipose tissues of the KK-Ay/Ta diabetic obese mouse model. AJ-9677 reduced the total weight of white adipose tissues by reducing the size of the adipocytes, an effect associated with the normalization of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and leptin expression levels. The levels of uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 mRNA in brown adipose tissue were increased threefold. AJ-9677 caused a marked increase (20- to 80-fold) in the expression of UCP-1 in white adipose tissues. The levels of UCP-2 mRNA were increased in both the white and brown adipose tissues of diabetic obese mice, and AJ-9677 further upregulated UCP-2 mRNA levels in brown adipose tissue, but reduced its levels in white adipose tissue. UCP-3 mRNA levels were not essentially changed by AJ-9677. However, AJ-9677 significantly (two- to four-fold) upregulated the GLUT4 mRNA and protein levels in white and brown adipose tissues and the gastrocnemius. The generation of small adipocytes, presumably mediated by increased expression of UCP-1 in addition to increased lipolysis in response to AJ-9677, was associated with decreased TNF-alpha and free fatty acid production and may be the mechanism of amelioration of insulin resistance in KK-Ay/Ta diabetic obese mice.[1]

References

  1. Mechanism of amelioration of insulin resistance by beta3-adrenoceptor agonist AJ-9677 in the KK-Ay/Ta diabetic obese mouse model. Kato, H., Ohue, M., Kato, K., Nomura, A., Toyosawa, K., Furutani, Y., Kimura, S., Kadowaki, T. Diabetes (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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