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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Disruption of transforming growth factor beta-regulated laminin receptor function by expression of antisense laminin, a chain RNA in human colon cancer cells.

Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta) simultaneously induces the expression of fibronectin, fibronectin receptor, laminin, and laminin receptor (alpha6beta1 integrin) in the human colon cancer cell line Moser (Int J Cancer, 57:742, 1994). Induction of fibronectin and induction of fibronectin receptor by TGFB are tightly coupled, and disrupting fibronectin induction disrupts the induction of fibronectin receptor and cellular adhesion to fibronectin (J Cellular Physiol, 170:138, 1997). We recently demonstrated the efficacy of using antisense chain-specific laminin RNA expression vectors to disrupt the induction by TGFP of the multichain laminin molecule (J Cellular Physiol, 178:296, 1999). We now show in this report that Moser cells used alpha6 and beta1 integrins to adhere to laminin, and, as is the fibronectin and fibronectin receptor system, disrupting the induction by TGFbeta of the ligand laminin by the expression of antisense laminin A chain RNA disrupted the induction of 125I-laminin binding and cellular adhesion to laminin. Disrupting laminin induction also blocked the induction of alpha6 and beta1 integrin laminin receptor by TGFbeta. We conclude that disrupting the induction of the ligand laminin by TGFbeta disrupts TGFbeta-regulated laminin receptor function by suppressing the induction of alpha6 and beta1 integrins. Therefore, targeted disruption of the ligand laminin may be an effective means in disrupting the function of both the ligand and its receptor in cells that utilize the laminin and laminin receptor system in malignant cell behavior.[1]


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