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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-12 from intrinsic cells is an effector of renal injury in crescentic glomerulonephritis.

Interleukin-12 ( IL-12) directs the cognate nephritogenic T helper type 1 responses that initiate renal injury in murine crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN). The recent demonstration of IL-12 production by intrinsic renal cells, including mesangial and proximal tubular cells, raises the possibility that IL-12 from nonimmune cells may contribute to inflammatory renal injury. To address this possibility, the development of sheep anti-mouse glomerular basement membrane globulin-induced crescentic GN was studied in C57BL/6 wild-type (WT), IL-12-deficient ( IL-12 -/-), and IL-12 "chimeric" mice. IL-12 chimeric mice were produced by transplantation of WT bone marrow into IL-12 -/- mice to restore IL-12 production by immune cells, while leaving them deficient in renal IL-12 production. WT and "sham" chimeric mice (normal bone marrow transplanted into WT mice) developed crescentic GN with glomerular T-cell and macrophage recruitment and impaired renal function (elevated proteinuria and serum creatinine) 10 d after initiation of GN. IL-12 -/- mice showed significant protection from GN. Chimeric IL-12 mice showed significant attenuation of crescent formation, glomerular T-cell and macrophage accumulation, and renal impairment, compared with WT and sham chimeric mice, but were not protected to the same extent as IL-12 -/- mice. IL-12 chimeric mice showed no attenuation of their systemic cognate immune response to the nephritogenic antigen (sheep globulin), indicated by antigen-specific circulating antibody and cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity. These studies indicate that IL-12 produced by non-bone marrow derived intrinsic renal cells contributes to immune renal injury. They provide the first in vivo demonstration of a proinflammatory role for an intrinsic renal cell-derived cytokine in renal inflammation.[1]


  1. Interleukin-12 from intrinsic cells is an effector of renal injury in crescentic glomerulonephritis. Timoshanko, J.R., Kitching, A.R., Holdsworth, S.R., Tipping, P.G. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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