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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GSK-3 kinase Mck1 and calcineurin coordinately mediate Hsl1 down-regulation by Ca2+ in budding yeast.

The Ca2+-activated pathways of Saccharomyces cerevisiae induce a delay in the onset of mitosis through the activation of Swe1, a negative regulatory kinase that inhibits the Cdc28-Clb complex. Calcineurin and Mpk1 activate Swe1 at the transcriptional and post-translational level, respectively, and both pathways are essential for the cell cycle delay. Our genetic screening identified the MCK1 gene, which encodes a glycogen synthetase kinase-3 family protein kinase, as a component of the Ca2+ signaling pathway. Genetic analyses indicated that Mck1 functions downstream of the Mpk1 pathway and down-regulates Hsl1, an inhibitory kinase of Swe1. In medium with a high concentration of Ca2+, Hsl1 was delocalized from the bud neck and destabilized in a manner dependent on both calcineurin and Mck1. Calcineurin was required for the dephosphorylation of autophosphorylated Hsl1. The E3 ubiquitin ligase complex SCF(Cdc4), but not the anaphase-promoting complex (APC), was essential for Hsl1 destabilization. The Ca2+-activated pathway may play a role in the rapid inactivation of Hsl1 at the cell cycle stage(s) when APC activity is low.[1]


  1. GSK-3 kinase Mck1 and calcineurin coordinately mediate Hsl1 down-regulation by Ca2+ in budding yeast. Mizunuma, M., Hirata, D., Miyaoka, R., Miyakawa, T. EMBO J. (2001) [Pubmed]
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