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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Suppression of the tumorigenicity of mutant p53-transformed rat embryo fibroblasts through expression of a newly cloned rat nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-B.

In our previous study, a rat homolog of human nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-B ( nmMHC-B) was identified by mRNA differential display comparing of transformed against nontransformed Rat 6 cells overexpressing mutant p53val135 gene. The nmMHC-B was found to be expressed in normal Rat 6 embryo fibroblast cell line, but markedly suppressed in the mutant p53val135-transformed Rat 6 cells. To examine the possible involvement of nmMHC-B in cell transformation, we first cloned and sequenced the full length cDNA of rat nmMHC-B, which was then cloned into an ecdysone-expression vector. The resulting construct was introduced into the T2 cell line, a mutant p53val135-transformed Rat 6 cells lacking the expression of the endogenous nmMHC-B. The clonal transfectants, expressing muristerone A-induced nmMHC-B, displayed a slightly flatter morphology and reached to a lower saturation density compared to the parental transformed cells. Reconstitution of actin filamental bundles was also clearly seen in cells overexpressing the nmMHC-B. In soft agar assays, nmMHC-B transfectants formed fewer and substantially smaller colonies than the parental cells in response to muristerone A induction. Moreover, it was strikingly effective in suppressing the tumorigenicity of the T2 cells when tested in nude mice. Thus, the nmMHC-B, known as a component of the cytoskeletal network, may act as a tumor suppressor gene. Our current finding may reveal a novel role of nmMHC-B in regulating cell growth and cell signaling in nonmuscle cells. Oncogene (2001) 20, 58 - 68.[1]


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