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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of myogenic terminal differentiation by the hairy-related transcription factor CHF2.

We have recently cloned a novel basic helix-loop-helix factor, CHF2, that functions as a transcriptional repressor. To address its role in the regulation of myogenic terminal differentiation, we analyzed its expression pattern during C2C12 mouse myotube formation. In undifferentiated myoblasts, CHF2 is expressed at high levels. After induction of myotube formation in low serum, CHF2 expression is barely detectable at 3 days after induction. Myogenin expression, in contrast, peaks at 3 days. In transiently transfected 10T1/2 embryonic fibroblasts, CHF2 inhibited MyoD-dependent activation of the myogenin promoter in a dose-dependent fashion. Electrophoretic mobility shift analysis indicated that CHF2 inhibits the binding of the MyoD.E47 heterodimer to the E-box binding site. CHF2 also inhibited myogenic conversion of 10T1/2 cells by MyoD, as measured by skeletal myosin heavy chain protein expression. Coimmunoprecipitation analysis indicated that CHF2 forms a protein complex with MyoD. Mutational analysis of CHF2 indicated that the repression activity for both transcription and myogenic conversion mapped to a hydrophobic carboxyl-terminal region and did not require either the basic helix-loop-helix or YRPW motifs. Our data indicate that CHF2 functions as a transcriptional repressor of myogenesis by formation of an inactive heterodimeric complex with MyoD and likely plays an important role in muscle development.[1]


  1. Regulation of myogenic terminal differentiation by the hairy-related transcription factor CHF2. Sun, J., Kamei, C.N., Layne, M.D., Jain, M.K., Liao, J.K., Lee, M.E., Chin, M.T. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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