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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

De-epoxidation of violaxanthin after reconstitution into different carotenoid binding sites of light-harvesting complex II.

In higher plants, the de-epoxidation of violaxanthin (Vx) to antheraxanthin and zeaxanthin is required for the pH-dependent dissipation of excess light energy as heat and by that process plays an important role in the protection against photo-oxidative damage. The de-epoxidation reaction was investigated in an in vitro system using reconstituted light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) and a thylakoid raw extract enriched in the enzyme Vx de-epoxidase. Reconstitution of LHCII with varying carotenoids was performed to replace lutein and/or neoxanthin, which are bound to the native complex, by Vx. Recombinant LHCII containing either 2 lutein and 1 Vx or 1.6 Vx and 1.1 neoxanthin or 2.8 Vx per monomer were studied. Vx de-epoxidation was inducible for all complexes after the addition of Vx de-epoxidase but to different extents and with different kinetics in each complex. Analysis of the kinetics indicated that the three possible Vx binding sites have at least two, and perhaps three, specific rate constants for de-epoxidation. In particular, Vx bound to one of the two lutein binding sites of the native complex, most likely L1, was not at all or only at a slow rate convertible to Zx. In reisolated LHCII, newly formed Zx almost stoichiometrically replaced the transformed Vx, indicating that LHCII and Vx de-epoxidase stayed in close contact during the de-epoxidation reactions and that no release of carotenoids occurred.[1]


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