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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Role of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl-induced toxicity and species-differential sensitivity in chicken and duck embryos.

The role of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126)-induced toxicity and species-specific sensitivity was examined in White Leghorn chicken (Gallus domesticus) and Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos) embryos. Eggs were injected into the air cell with 0.4-1.6 microgram PCB 126/kg egg in corn oil prior to incubation. Lipid peroxidation measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), the GSSG:GSH ratio, and glutathione peroxidase (GPox) activities were determined in liver and adipose tissue of day 19 chicken and day 26 duck embryos. In chicken embryos, PCB 126 increased mortality and the incidence of edema and liver lesions, decreased embryo size, increased eye and head malformations, and markedly reduced fat storage. In contrast, no effects on the endpoints were observed in duck embryos even at the highest dose used in chicken embryos. PCB 126 increased hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity in a dose-dependent manner in chicken but not duck embryos. PCB 126 significantly increased TBARS levels in liver and to a greater degree in adipose tissue of chicken embryos, indicating that adipose tissue is a sensitive target for this compound. Increases in lipid peroxidation by PCB 126 were associated with significant decreases in GPox activity in these tissues. These biochemical changes support oxidative stress playing a role in PCB 126-induced embryo toxicity while antioxidant defenses provided protection against oxidative damage induced by this compound. Ducks, the less-sensitive species, showed higher basal levels of hepatic GPox than chickens, suggesting that this antioxidant enzyme may contribute to the differences in sensitivity to this compound between the two species.[1]

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