The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Neuronal nitric oxide strongly suppresses sympathetic outflow in high-salt Dahl rats.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), 7-nitroindazole, on peripheral sympathetic outflow in Dahl rats. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats were fed either a regular-salt (0.4% NaCl) or a high-salt (8% NaCl) diet for 4 weeks. In chronically instrumented conscious rats, renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) was measured in both baroreceptor-loaded and baroreceptor-unloaded states. The baroreceptor unload was performed by decreasing arterial pressure with occlusion of the inferior vena cava. RESULTS: 7-Nitroindazole (307 micromol/kg intraperitoneally) increased resting RSNA from 24 +/- 3% to 38 +/- 6% with an increase in mean arterial pressure of 15 +/- 3 mmHg, and increased baroreceptor-unloaded RSNA from 100% to 278 +/- 16% in salt-sensitive Dahl rats receiving a high-salt diet However, 7-nitroindazole did not increase resting RSNA, but did increase baroreceptor-unloaded RSNA from 100% to 179 +/- 15%, 177 +/- 15%, and 133 +/- 4% in salt-sensitive Dahl rats receiving a regular-salt diet, salt-resistant Dahl rats receiving a high-salt diet, and salt-resistant Dahl rats receiving a regular-salt diet, respectively. The high-salt diet significantly increased the baroreceptor-unloaded RSNA more than the regular-salt diet did, in both salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats. After administration of the vehicle for 7-nitroindazole (peanut oil), L-arginine (100 micromol/kg per min for 10 min) decreased both resting and baroreceptor-unloaded RSNA, whereas after pretreatment with 7-nitroindazole, the L-arginine-induced suppression was reversed, in Dahl salt-sensitive rats receiving a high-salt diet. CONCLUSIONS: Neuronal nitric oxide may suppress the sympathetic discharge generated before baroreflex-mediated inhibition in all rats. This neuronal nitric oxide-mediated suppression was enhanced by the salt load in both salt-resistant and salt-sensitive Dahl rats. Finally, the neuronal nitric oxide-mediated suppression in tonic peripheral sympathetic outflow may be greatly enhanced in salt-sensitive hypertension.[1]

References

  1. Neuronal nitric oxide strongly suppresses sympathetic outflow in high-salt Dahl rats. Nishida, Y., Chen, Q.H., Tandai-Hiruma, M., Terada, S., Horiuchi, J. J. Hypertens. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities