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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular genetics of type 1 glycogen storage disease.

Glycogen storage disease type 1 (GSD 1) comprises a group of autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorders caused by deficiency of the microsomal multicomponent glucose-6-phosphatase system. Of the two known transmembrane proteins of the system, malfunction of the catalytic subunit (G6Pase) characterizes GSD 1a. GSD 1 non-a is characterized by defective microsomal glucose-6-phosphate or pyrophosphate/phosphate transport due to mutations in G6PT (glucose-6-phosphate translocase gene) encoding a microsomal transporter protein. Mutations in G6Pase and G6PT account for approximately 80 and approximately 20% of GSD 1 cases, respectively. G6Pase and G6PT work in concert to maintain glucose homeostasis in gluconeogenic organs. Whereas G6Pase is exclusively expressed in gluconeogenic cells, G6PT is ubiquitously expressed and its deficiency generally causes a more severe phenotype. Rapid confirmation of clinically suspected diagnosis of GSD 1, reliable carrier testing, and prenatal diagnosis are facilitated by mutation analyses of the chromosome 11-bound G6PT gene as well as the chromosome 17- bound G6Pase gene.[1]


  1. Molecular genetics of type 1 glycogen storage disease. Janecke, A.R., Mayatepek, E., Utermann, G. Mol. Genet. Metab. (2001) [Pubmed]
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