The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein increases toll-like receptor 4-dependent activation by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae.

Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a common cause of respiratory tract infections. This study investigated the ability of NTHi to bind lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) derived from respiratory epithelial cells and the subsequent stimulation of transfected cells expressing membrane- bound CD14 and toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) or TLR4. In the absence of LBP, NTHi at high concentrations (100 bacteria/epithelial cell) were required to induce signals through TLR2 and TLR4. Flow cytometry showed that NTHi in the stationary phase bound more LBP than did log-phase bacteria. Of interest, as few as 1 LBP-bearing bacterium/cell induced strong signaling through TLR4. In contrast, LBP bound to NTHi did not promote any increased signaling mediated by TLR2, compared with NTHi without LBP. These data suggest that, upon NTHi infection, low numbers of bacteria binding LBP may activate TLR4-bearing cells, such as alveolar macrophages, and consequently induce an inflammatory response.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities