The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Substrate water exchange in photosystem II depends on the peripheral proteins.

The (18)O exchange rates for the substrate water bound in the S(3) state were determined in different photosystem II sample types using time-resolved mass spectrometry. The samples included thylakoid membranes, salt-washed Triton X-100-prepared membrane fragments, and purified core complexes from spinach and cyanobacteria. For each sample type, two kinetically distinct isotopic exchange rates could be resolved, indicating that the biphasic exchange behavior for the substrate water is inherent to the O(2)-evolving catalytic site in the S(3) state. However, the fast phase of exchange became somewhat slower (by a factor of approximately 2) in NaCl-washed membrane fragments and core complexes from spinach in which the 16- and 23-kDa extrinsic proteins have been removed, compared with the corresponding rate for the intact samples. For CaCl(2)-washed membrane fragments in which the 33-kDa manganese stabilizing protein ( MSP) has also been removed, the fast phase of exchange slowed down even further (by a factor of approximately 3). Interestingly, the slow phase of exchange was little affected in the samples from spinach. For core complexes prepared from Synechocystis PCC 6803 and Synechococcus elongatus, the fast and slow exchange rates were variously affected. Nevertheless, within the experimental error, nearly the same exchange rates were measured for thylakoid samples made from wild type and an MSP-lacking mutant of Synechocystis PCC 6803. This result could indicate that the MSP has a slightly different function in eukaryotic organisms compared with prokaryotic organisms. In all samples, however, the differences in the exchange rates are relatively small. Such small differences are unlikely to arise from major changes in the metal-ligand structure at the catalytic site. Rather, the observed differences may reflect subtle long range effects in which the exchange reaction coordinates become slightly altered. We discuss the results in terms of solvent penetration into photosystem II and the regional dielectric around the catalytic site.[1]


  1. Substrate water exchange in photosystem II depends on the peripheral proteins. Hillier, W., Hendry, G., Burnap, R.L., Wydrzynski, T. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities