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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Serum and lower respiratory tract drug concentrations after tobramycin inhalation in young children with cystic fibrosis.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the serum and lower respiratory tract tobramycin concentrations (C(T)) produced by a single dose of tobramycin for inhalation delivered by a nebulizer and a compressor in patients with cystic fibrosis ( CF) 6 months to 6 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a dose escalation study of serum C(T) measured before and 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 hours after a single dose of inhaled tobramycin, either 180 mg (10 patients) or 300 mg (19 patients). In a separate group of 12 patients, epithelial lining fluid (ELF) C(T) was measured by bronchoalveolar lavage 30 to 45 minutes after a 300-mg dose. RESULTS: A 180-mg dose of inhaled tobramycin produced a mean peak serum C(T) of 0.5 microg/mL (SD 0.4; range, <0.2 to 1.4 microg/mL). A 300-mg dose produced a mean peak serum C(T) of 0.6 microg/mL (SD 0.5; range, <0.2 to 1.2 microg/mL). These peak values are well below the accepted maximum trough concentration with parenteral dosing (2 microg/mL). The target ELF C(T) was 20 microg/mL, 10-fold greater than the minimal inhibitory concentration for most Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from very young patients with CF (2 microg/mL). Mean ELF C(T) was 90 microg/mL (SD 54; range, 16 to 204 microg/mL) and exceeded the target concentration in 11 patients. CONCLUSION: In patients with CF ages 6 months to 6 years, a single 300-mg dose of inhaled tobramycin appears to produce safe peak serum concentrations and drug concentrations in the bactericidal range in the lower respiratory tract.[1]


  1. Serum and lower respiratory tract drug concentrations after tobramycin inhalation in young children with cystic fibrosis. Rosenfeld, M., Gibson, R., McNamara, S., Emerson, J., McCoyd, K.S., Shell, R., Borowitz, D., Konstan, M.W., Retsch-Bogart, G., Wilmott, R.W., Burns, J.L., Vicini, P., Montgomery, A.B., Ramsey, B. J. Pediatr. (2001) [Pubmed]
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