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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intact intestinal mRNAs and intestinal epithelial cell esterase, but not Cryptosporidium parvum, reach mesenteric lymph nodes of infected mice.

Dendritic cells from the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) contain dense esterase-positive inclusions that may originate in effete intestinal epithelial cells and reach MLN without degradation. The MLN esterases have the electrophoretic mobilities of both intestinal and mononuclear cells. Cryptosporidium parvum (CP)-infected mice have CP Ag-positive cells in MLN and also increased numbers of dense esterase-positive cells, but the CP Ag-positive cells do not stain for esterase. To characterize the handling of epithelial cell products by dendritic cells, we analyzed mRNAs in the MLN of control and CP-infected recombination-activating gene(-/-)DO11.10 mice by oligoarrays. mRNAs for 115 proteins were increased in MLN after CP infection, of which the principal increases in trypsin and chymotrypsin approximated to 250-fold. Colipase, reg-1, C-reactive protein-ductin, and amyloid were also up-regulated >10-fold and all returned to baseline by 28 days after infection. mRNAs for the same proteins were detected in intestinal epithelial cells of infected mice by oligoarrays and RT-PCR after infection. mRNA for CP beta-tubulin was detectable in intestinal epithelial cells between 5 and 18 days after infection but was not detected in the MLN throughout the observation period. It appears that host response to CP infection includes expression of mRNA for some pancreatic enzymes by intestinal epithelial cells and their subsequent transport to the MLN. The esterase and trypsin, and mRNAs for chymotrypsin, colipase, and others that may derive from uninfected epithelial cells, appear to be transported to the MLN intact, while mRNA for CP beta-tubulin that is derived from infected cells is degraded.[1]


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