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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Significance and molecular targets of protein kinase A during cAMP-mediated protection of cold stored liver grafts.

The use of marginal donor livers is followed by a higher frequency of primary dys- or nonfunction after transplantation. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that stimulation of the cAMP second-messenger signal pathway might protect the liver from ischemic injury, laying emphasis on the role of protein kinase A-mediated signal transduction. Rat livers were harvested after 45 min of cardiac arrest and preserved in HTK solution for 24 h. Hepatic integrity was assessed thereafter using a blood-free reperfusion model. Supplementation of the preservation solution with dibutyryl-cAMP (db-cAMP) promoted phosphorylation of BAD at Ser 112 and concomitantly mitigated mitochondrial release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Apoptotic cell transformation was evident in reperfused livers by positive TUNEL-staining of sinusoidal lining cells and the detection of cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in tissue homogenates by western analysis. Treatment with db-cAMP was effective in minimizing both TUNEL staining and PARP cleavage and significantly reduced postischemic enzyme leakage of alanine aminotransferase to one half, while hepatic bile production was enhanced by approximately 60% when compared to untreated livers. This functional improvement was accompanied by a net amelioration of portal vascular conductivity. Inhibition of A kinase-anchoring protein with HT31 completely reversed any of the observed effects obtained by db-cAMP. We conclude that enhancement of cellular cAMP signal maintains hepatic integrity during and after ischemic preservation which may be attributed to protein kinase A dependent phosphorylation of BAD in line with subsequent inhibition of mitochondria-initiated apoptosis of sinusoidal lining cells.[1]


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