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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of short heterodimer partner 1 precedes downregulation of Ntcp in bile duct-ligated mice.

Cholestasis is associated with retention of bile acids and reduced expression of the Na(+)/taurocholate cotransporter (Ntcp), the major hepatocellular bile acid uptake system. This study aimed to determine whether downregulation of Ntcp in obstructive cholestasis 1) is a consequence of bile acid retention and 2) is mediated by induction of the transcriptional repressor short heterodimer partner 1 (SHP-1). To study the time course for the changes in serum bile acid levels as well as SHP-1 and Ntcp steady-state mRNA levels, mice were subjected to common bile duct ligation (CBDL) for 3, 6, 12, 24, 72, and 168 h and compared with sham-operated controls. Serum bile acid levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. SHP-1 and Ntcp steady-state mRNA expression were assessed by Northern blotting. In addition, Ntcp protein expression was studied by Western blotting and immunofluorescence microscopy. Increased SHP-1 mRNA expression paralleled elevations of serum bile acid levels and was followed by downregulation of Ntcp mRNA and protein expression in CBDL mice. Maximal SHP-1 mRNA expression reached a plateau phase after 6-h CBDL (12-fold; P < 0.001) and preceded the nadir of Ntcp mRNA levels (12%, P < 0.001) by 6 h. In conclusion, bile acid-induced expression of SHP-1 may, at least in part, mediate downregulation of Ntcp in CBDL mice. These findings support the concept that downregulation of Ntcp in cholestasis limits intracytoplasmatic accumulation of potentially toxic bile acids.[1]


  1. Induction of short heterodimer partner 1 precedes downregulation of Ntcp in bile duct-ligated mice. Zollner, G., Fickert, P., Silbert, D., Fuchsbichler, A., Stumptner, C., Zatloukal, K., Denk, H., Trauner, M. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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