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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro and in vivo properties of recombinant human serum albumin from Pichia pastoris purified by a method of short processing time.

PURPOSE: Recombinant human serum albumin (rHSA), secreted by a Pichia pastoris expression system, was purified by a fast and efficient method, the essential feature of which is strong but reversible binding of the protein to Blue Sepharose. The structural characteristics, stability, and ligand-binding properties of the resulting protein were examined, and pre-clinical studies were performed. METHODS: Protein structure was investigated by amino acid sequencing, sodium polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, CD spectroscopy and chromatography. Stability was examined by denaturation by guanidine hydrochloride and by calorimetry, and ligand binding was studied by ultrafiltration. Rat experiments were performed with 125I-labeled albumin. RESULTS: Far-ultraviolet and near-ultraviolet CD spectra of rHSA were identical to those of human serum albumin isolated from serum ( HSA). Mercaptalbumin and non-mercaptalbumin were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography using an N-methylpyridinium polymer-based column. 60% of rHSA existed as mercaptalbumin, a content that is higher than that of a commercial preparation of HSA. Fatty acids, N-acetyl-L-tryptophan and pasteurization had similar effects on the conformational stability of rHSA and HSA. Stereoselective ligand-binding properties (warfarin, phenprocoumon, pranoprofen and ibuprofen) of rHSA were the same as those of HSA. The effect of the neutral to base transition on warfarin (site I-ligand) and dansylsarcosine (site II-ligand) binding to rHSA was also similar to HSA. In vivo studies showed comparable half-lives, excretion and tissue distributions of the two albumin preparations. CONCLUSION: The present yeast expression system and purification procedure result in rHSA with structural and functional properties very similar to those of HSA.[1]


  1. In vitro and in vivo properties of recombinant human serum albumin from Pichia pastoris purified by a method of short processing time. Watanabe, H., Yamasaki, K., Kragh-Hansen, U., Tanase, S., Harada, K., Suenaga, A., Otagiri, M. Pharm. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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