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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A new frameshift mutation encoding a truncated amelogenin leads to X-linked amelogenesis imperfecta.

The amelogenin proteins are the most abundant organic components of developing dental enamel. Their importance for the proper mineralization of enamel is evident from the association between previously identified mutations in the X-chromosomal gene that encodes them and the enamel defect amelogenesis imperfecta. In this investigation, an adult male presenting with a severe hypoplastic enamel phenotype was found to have a single base deletion at the codon for amino acid 110 of the X-chromosomal 175-amino acid amelogenin protein. The proband's mother, who also has affected enamel, carries the identical deletion on one of her X-chromosomes, while the father has both normal enamel and DNA sequence. This frameshift mutation deletes part of the coding region for the repetitive portion of amelogenin as well as the hydrophilic tail, replacing them with a 47-amino acid segment containing nine cysteine residues. While greater than 60% of the protein is predicted to be intact, the severity of this phenotype illustrates the importance of the C-terminal region of the amelogenin protein for the formation of enamel with normal thickness.[1]

References

  1. A new frameshift mutation encoding a truncated amelogenin leads to X-linked amelogenesis imperfecta. Greene, S.R., Yuan, Z.A., Wright, J.T., Amjad, H., Abrams, W.R., Buchanan, J.A., Trachtenberg, D.I., Gibson, C.W. Arch. Oral Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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