The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase antisense affects vascular contractile response and glucocorticoid metabolism.

Glucocorticoids (GC's) are metabolized in vascular tissue by two isoforms of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD). 11 beta-HSD2 is unidirectional and metabolizes GC's to their respective inactive 11-dehydro derivatives. 11 beta-HSD1 is bi-directional, also possessing reductase activity and thus the ability to regenerate active GC from the 11-dehydro derivatives. In vascular tissue, GC's amplify the pressor responses to catecholamines and angiotensin II and may down-regulate certain depressor systems such as nitric oxide and prostaglandins. We hypothesize that both 11 beta-HSD2 and 11 beta-HSD1 regulate GC levels in vascular tissue and are part of additional mechanisms that control vascular tone. We examined the effects of specific antisense oligomers to 11 beta-HSD2 and 11 beta-HSD1 on GC metabolism and contractile response to phenylephrine (PE) in rat aortic rings. In aortic rings incubated (24 h) with corticosterone (B) (10 nmol/l) and 11 beta-HSD2 antisense (3 micromol/l), the contractile response to graded concentrations of PE (PE: 10 nmol/l - 1 micromol/l) were significantly (P < 0.05) increased compared to rings incubated with B and 11 beta-HSD2 nonsense. 11 beta-HSD1 antisense oligomers also enhanced the ability of B to amplify the contractile response to PE. In addition, 11 beta-HSD2 and 11 beta-HSD1 antisense also decreased the metabolism of B to 11-dehydro-B. 11-Dehydro-B (100 nmol/l) also amplified the contractile response to PE in aortic rings (P < 0.01), most likely due to the generation of active corticosterone by 11 beta-HSD1-reductase; this effect was significantly attenuated by 11 beta-HSD1 antisense. 11 beta-HSD1 antisense also caused a marked decrease in the metabolism of 11-dehydro-B back to B by 11 beta-HSD1-reductase. These findings underscore the importance of 11 beta-HSD2 and 11 beta-HSD1 in regulating local concentrations of GC's in vascular tissue. They also indicate that decreased 11 beta-HSD2 activity may be a possible mechanism in hypertension and that 11 beta-HSD1-reductase may be a possible target for anti-hypertensive therapy.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities