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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of genic substitution at the pink-eyed dilution locus on the proliferation and differentiation of mouse epidermal melanocytes in vivo and in vitro.

Cells positive to the dopa reaction (melanocytes) as well as to the combined dopa-premelanin reaction (melanoblasts and melanocytes) in the epidermis of C57BL/10JHir-p/p (pink-eyed dilution) mice were fewer and less reactive than in C57BL/10JHir (black, P/P) mice, suggesting that the proliferation and differentiation of p/p melanocytes are inhibited. To confirm the inhibitory effects of p gene on the proliferation and differentiation of epidermal melanocytes, we cultured epidermal cell suspensions of neonatal skins from P/P and p/p in a serum-free medium. The proliferation and differentiation of p/p melanoblasts/melanocytes in primary culture were greatly inhibited as compared to P/P melanoblasts/melanocytes. The morphology of p/p melanoblasts/melanocytes cultured in melanocyte growth medium, though non-pigmented, was similar to P/P melanocytes; namely, dendritic, polygonal, or epithelioid. About 8% of p/p cells cultured in melanocyte growth medium were positive to the dopa reaction, and about 25% were reactive to the combined dopa-premelanin reaction. Eumelanin content in p/p was extremely reduced compared to P/P. The immunocytochemical staining of p/p melanoblasts/melanocytes revealed that they are negative to tyrosinase, but reactive to tyrosinase-related protein (TRP)-1, TRP-2, and c-kit. However, the reactivities in p/p were lower than in P/P. Although the differentiation of p/p melanoblasts was not induced by endothelin (ET)-1, ET-2, and ET-3, the proliferation of p/p melanoblasts was stimulated by them. These results suggest for the first time that p gene exerts its influence on the proliferative activities of mouse epidermal melanoblasts by affecting the regulatory mechanisms dependent on the function of ETs.[1]


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