The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of nuclear factor kappaB in radioresistance of TP53-inactive human keratinocytes.

Many tumors show a mutant or inactive tumor suppressor p53 (TP53) status, and TP53 in the tumor-carrying human papillomavirus (HPV) may be dysfunctional because of inhibition by the viral protein HPV E6. Molecular mechanisms underlying radiation responses and the radiation-induced resistant phenotype in the TP53-inactive tumor have not been well investigated. In the present study, using a human keratinocyte line (HK18) with TP53 inhibited by HPV18 infection, we demonstrated that nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is responsible for a major portion of the radioresistance observed in a cell population (HK18-IR) derived from HK18 cells by fractionated ionizing radiation (FIR; 2 Gy/fraction; total dose, 60 Gy). HK18-IR cells showed increased clonogenic radioresistance [dose-modifying factor (DMF), 1.47], reduced apoptotic response, and a shortened radiation-induced growth delay. Both DNA-binding and reporter transcriptional activity of NF-kappaB, but not of TP53, were activated in HK18-IR cells compared with the parental HK18 cells; this activation was observed both before and after a single dose of 5 Gy. To determine target genes responsive to NF-kappaB activation, DNA microarray profiles for 588 genes were matched in HK18-IR cells compared with those in HK18 cells; the paired comparisons were made for basal levels before irradiation or for levels 24 h after 5 Gy. For 25 genes, a 2- to 5-fold up-regulation in HK18-IR cells relative to HK18 cells was similar when comparisons were made for basal levels or for levels after irradiation. Included in the approximately 4% of genes activated in HK18-IR cells, were six genes (Cyclin B1, Cyclin D1, HIAP, BAG-1, TTF, and fibronectin) putatively linked to NF-kappaB regulation. We then measured the expression of this group of FIR-regulated genes in HK18-IR cells expressing a dominant-negative mutant IkappaB (mIkappaB) that inhibited NF-kappaB activation. Clonogenic radioresistance was reduced greatly in the mIkappaB transfectants (DMF, 1.18 and 1.10, respectively, at 10% and 1% of isosurvival for mIkappaB transfectants compared with 1.47 and 1.45, respectively, for vector control transfectants). Expressions of Cyclin B1, Cyclin D1, and HIAP were down-regulated by the inhibition of NF-kappaB. These results suggest that transcription of NF-kappaB and a group of NF-kappaB target genes are involved in radioresistance in FIR-treated tumor cells with inactive TP53.[1]


  1. Activation of nuclear factor kappaB in radioresistance of TP53-inactive human keratinocytes. Chen, X., Shen, B., Xia, L., Khaletzkiy, A., Chu, D., Wong, J.Y., Li, J.J. Cancer Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities