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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new electrochemically graded hydroxyapatite coating for osteosynthetic implants promotes implant osteointegration in a rat model.

Hydroxyapatite (HAP) is widely used as an osteoconductive coating for orthopedic implants. So far standard coating methods like plasma spraying produce a relatively thick coating layer (>30 microm). In addition, the chemical structure of the HAP may be altered because of the heating throughout the coating process. This may have negative effects on the coating stability, implant fixation, and induction of bone formation. The relatively thick layer may detach from the implant with the risk of wear debris. In the present study the potential of a newly developed HAP coating of implants on osteointegration was investigated in a rat model. The coating method, based on an electrochemical process, is applied in a graded manner and results in a biodegradable HAP coating with a thickness of approximately 2 mum. Coated versus uncoated titanium Kirschner wires (1.4-mm diameter) were inserted into the medullary cavity of the right femora of 5-month old female Sprague Dawley rats (n=36) in a retrograde fashion. Throughout an experimental period of 2 months the osteointegration was traced radiologically. After this time the animals were sacrificed and the implant integration was tested biomechanically with the use of a push-out test. To analyze the bone-implant interface, histological sections (80 mum) were investigated with an image analyzing system. The biomechanical testing revealed a significantly higher implant fixation in the group treated with the HAP-coated implant (shear strength: 27.8 +/- 6.7 MPa) compared to control (shear strength: 8.08 +/- 3.4 MPa). The histological analyses demonstrated a better ingrowth of the implants in the HAP group with significantly more direct bone-implant contacts compared to the control group. The results demonstrate that the HAP coating promotes implant osteointegration in a rat model.[1]


  1. A new electrochemically graded hydroxyapatite coating for osteosynthetic implants promotes implant osteointegration in a rat model. Schmidmaier, G., Wildemann, B., Schwabe, P., Stange, R., Hoffmann, J., Südkamp, N.P., Haas, N.P., Raschke, M. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
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