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MeSH Review

Bone Wires

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Disease relevance of Bone Wires


High impact information on Bone Wires

  • Onset of infection could be prevented in 90% of animals treated with gentamicin coated Kirschner wires, and in 80% of the animals that were treated with a combination of local and systemic application [1].
  • The other group was treated with the Kapandji method, as modified by Fritz et al., in which two Kirschner wires are inserted into the fracture gap and a third is placed through the styloid process [2].
  • One wrist from each pair was fixed with an external fixator and three Kirschner wires, and the contralateral wrist was fixed with calcium phosphate cement (Norian SRS) and three Kirschner wires (augmented calcium phosphate cement) [3].
  • We studied the outcome and complications seen with use of poly-p-dioxanone pins and those seen with use of stainless-steel Kirschner wires after chevron bunionectomy in 114 patients (144 feet) [4].
  • Magerl's technique of combining C1-C2 posterior screw fixation with a supplemental bone-wire fusion has been advocated for the management of atlanto-axial instability [5].

Anatomical context of Bone Wires


Associations of Bone Wires with chemical compounds


Gene context of Bone Wires

  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical efficacy of an injectable calcium-phosphate bone cement (Skeletal Repair System [SRS]) with that of Kirschner wires for the fixation of intraarticular fractures of the distal part of the radius [12].
  • We installed 1.4-mm Kirschner wires transarticular in C 1/2, using a specially designed guide, and drilled 2.5-mm pedicle holes in C3 and C4 with the assistance of the CAS system [13].
  • In all the cases, treatment consisted of open reduction and internal fixation of the ulnar fracture using different methods of osteosynthesis (3.5 mm DCP, 3.5 mm reconstruction plates, 6.5 mm cancellous screw, tension band technique with Kirschner wires, and one-third tubular plates) [14].
  • CONCLUSION: Lag screw osteosynthesis may be more advantageous for restoration of ramus height than miniplates or Kirschner wires [15].
  • A Ludloff osteotomy was performed on 24 matched pairs of cadaveric specimens to compare the strength of fixation of three different types of Kirschner wires (smooth, threaded, and SOC threaded) [16].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Bone Wires


  1. Systemic versus local application of gentamicin in prophylaxis of implant-related osteomyelitis in a rat model. Lucke, M., Wildemann, B., Sadoni, S., Surke, C., Schiller, R., Stemberger, A., Raschke, M., Haas, N.P., Schmidmaier, G. Bone (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Two procedures for Kirschner wire osteosynthesis of distal radial fractures. A randomized trial. Strohm, P.C., Müller, C.A., Boll, T., Pfister, U. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. A biomechanical analysis of fixation of intra-articular distal radial fractures with calcium-phosphate bone cement. Higgins, T.F., Dodds, S.D., Wolfe, S.W. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Fixation with bioabsorbable pins in chevron bunionectomy. Gill, L.H., Martin, D.F., Coumas, J.M., Kiebzak, G.M. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Atlanto-axial stabilization with posterior transarticular screw fixation: technical description and report of 22 cases. Stillerman, C.B., Wilson, J.A. Neurosurgery (1993) [Pubmed]
  6. Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint in rheumatoid arthritis. Biodegradable rods and Kirschner-wires in 39 cases. Niskanen, R.O., Lehtimäki, M.Y., Hämäläinen, M.M., Törmälä, P., Rokkanen, P.U. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (1993) [Pubmed]
  7. Gentamicin coating of metallic implants reduces implant-related osteomyelitis in rats. Lucke, M., Schmidmaier, G., Sadoni, S., Wildemann, B., Schiller, R., Haas, N.P., Raschke, M. Bone (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Biodegradable pin fixation of elbow fractures in children. A randomised trial. Hope, P.G., Williamson, D.M., Coates, C.J., Cole, W.G. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume. (1991) [Pubmed]
  9. Stabilization of ulnar carpometacarpal dislocations or fracture dislocations. Foster, R.J. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. External fixation of metacarpal and phalangeal fractures. Shehadi, S.I. The Journal of hand surgery. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Evaluation of effectiveness of 10% polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine solution against infections in wire and pin holes for Ilizarov external fixators. Camilo, A.M., Bongiovanni, J.C. São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Biomechanical evaluation of fixation of intra-articular fractures of the distal part of the radius in cadavera: Kirschner wires compared with calcium-phosphate bone cement. Yetkinler, D.N., Ladd, A.L., Poser, R.D., Constantz, B.R., Carter, D. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Computer-assisted surgery in posterior instrumentation of the cervical spine: an in-vitro feasibility study. Richter, M., Amiot, L.P., Neller, S., Kluger, P., Puhl, W. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society. (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Monteggia fractures in adults. Review of 54 cases. Llusà Perez, M., Lamas, C., Martínez, I., Pidemunt, G., Mir, X. Chirurgie de la main. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. A comparative evaluation of osteosynthesis with lag screws, miniplates, or Kirschner wires for mandibular condylar process fractures. Sugiura, T., Yamamoto, K., Murakami, K., Sugimura, M. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. (2001) [Pubmed]
  16. Strength of fixation of Ludloff metatarsal osteotomy utilizing three different types of Kirschner wires: a biomechanical study. Stamatis, E.D., Navid, D.O., Parks, B.G., Myerson, M.S. Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Treatment of pseudoarthrosis of the distal phalanx with the palmar midline approach. Itoh, Y., Uchinishi, K., Oka, Y. The Journal of hand surgery. (1983) [Pubmed]
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