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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of caspase-like proteases and induction of apoptosis by isopentenyladenosine in tobacco BY-2 cells.

The effects of isopentenyladenosine (iPA) on tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY-2 cells were examined. The number of BY-2 cells decreased in a time- and concentration-dependent manner after being exposed to micromolar concentrations of iPA. This decrease was mainly due to a loss of cell viability, since no substantial changes in cell cycle progression were revealed by flow-cytometric analysis. Dying cells exhibited the typical morphological and biochemical hallmarks of apoptosis, including cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, and degradation of nuclear DNA to nucleosomal size fragments. Caspase-1-like and caspase-3-like proteases also became activated, the former being dominant. Inhibitor-sensitivity studies revealed that although synthetic caspase inhibitors failed to prevent cell death they markedly reduced cell death in tobacco BY-2 cells, Nu-benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone, a specific inhibitor for caspase-1, being the most effective. Our results indicate that caspase-like proteases, and particularly caspase-1-like protease, might be critically implicated in iPA-induced apoptosis of BY-2 cells. Finally, the outcome of inhibiting adenosine kinase by 4-amino-3-iodo-1(beta- D-ribofuranosyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]-pyrimidine revealed that intracellular phosphorylation of iPA is required for its cytotoxicity to develop.[1]


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