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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

P2P-R protein localizes to the nucleolus of interphase cells and the periphery of chromosomes in mitotic cells which show maximum P2P-R immunoreactivity.

P2P-R is a nuclear protein that can bind both p53 and Rb1. Its functions include roles in the control of RNA metabolism, apoptosis, and p53-dependent transcription. The expression of P2P-R also is repressed in G1 arrested terminally differentiated cells. The current studies therefore evaluated if P2P-R undergoes cell cycle-associated changes in its abundance and/or localization. Western blots show that relative to G0 quiescent cells, P2P-R protein levels are higher in populations of G2/M cells prepared by the physiological parasynchronization technique of serum deprivation followed by serum stimulation. More striking is the > 10-fold enrichment of P2P-R protein in specimens of highly purified mitotic cells prepared by the mitotic shake-select technique, or by synchrony with the mitotic spindle disruption agents nocodazole or vinblastine. These changes in P2P-R protein occur without a concomitant change in P2P-R mRNA expression suggesting that P2P-R immunoreactivity increases during mitosis. Confocal microscopy next established the localization of P2P-R to nucleoli in interphase cells and at the periphery of chromosomes in mitotic cells that lack nucleoli. The high levels of P2P-R localized to the periphery of chromosomes in mitotic cells suggest that P2P-R shares characteristics with other nucleolar proteins that associate with the periphery of chromosomes during mitosis. These include: nucleolin, B23, Ki67, and fibrillarin.[1]


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