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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Stromelysin-1 promoter mutations impair gelatinase B activation in high microsatellite instability sporadic colorectal tumors.

Colorectal cancers from the mutator phenotype pathway display distinctive pathological features and confer a lesser aggressiveness than colorectal adenocarcinomas originated by the suppressor pathway. The goal of this work was to test whether tumors developed through the mutator pathway could show a decrease in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. We evaluated levels and activity of gelatinase A (MMP-2) and gelatinase B (MMP-9), as well as stromelysin-1 (MMP-3) expression in 101 sporadic colorectal tumors in consideration of the microsatellite instability (MSI) status of the groups. Gelatinases were analyzed by ELISA and zymography. The MMP-3 study was performed by real-time quantitative PCR. MMP-9 total levels were significantly higher in MSI-H tumors. However, levels of the active MMP-9 form were significantly much lower in this group of tumors. Data from real-time quantitative PCR indicated that levels of MMP-3 for MSI-L/ MSS tumors were much higher as compared with those observed in MSI-H cancers (P = 0.033). Moreover, all MSI-H tumors showed nucleotide insertions and/or deletions in MMP-3 promoter. These mutations were not observed in the group of MSI-L/ MSS tumors. Our data indicate that the MMP-3 promoter constitutes a novel target of the defective mismatch repair machinery in sporadic colorectal tumors, resulting in a dramatic decrease in the levels of the active MMP-9 form, which may result in a lessened capacity for invasion.[1]

References

  1. Stromelysin-1 promoter mutations impair gelatinase B activation in high microsatellite instability sporadic colorectal tumors. Morán, A., Iniesta, P., de Juan, C., González-Quevedo, R., Sánchez-Pernaute, A., Díaz-Rubio, E., Ramón y Cajal, S., Torres, A., Balibrea, J.L., Benito, M. Cancer Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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