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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Constitutive activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma suppresses pro-inflammatory adhesion molecules in human vascular endothelial cells.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor that has an essential role in adipogenesis and glucose homeostasis. PPAR-gamma is expressed in vascular tissues including endothelial cells (ECs). PPAR-gamma activity can be regulated by many pathophysiological and pharmacological agonists. However, the role of PPAR-gamma activation in ECs remains unclear. In this study, we examined the effect of the constitutive activation of PPAR-gamma on the phenotypic modulation of ECs. Adenovirus-mediated expression of a constitutively active mutant of PPAR-gamma resulted in significant ligand-independent activation of PPAR-gamma and specific induction of the PPAR-gamma target genes. However, PPAR-gamma activation significantly suppressed the expression of vascular adhesion molecules in ECs and the ensuing leukocyte recruitment. Furthermore, constitutive activation of PPAR-gamma resulted in simultaneous repression of AP-1 and NF-kappaB activity, which suggests that PPAR-gamma may reduce pro-inflammatory phenotypes via, at least in part, suppression of the AP-1 and NF-kappaB pathways. Therefore, using a gain-of-function approach, our study provides novel evidence showing that constitutive activation of PPAR-gamma is sufficient to prevent ECs from converting into a pro-inflammatory phenotype. These results also suggest that, in addition to pharmacological agonists, the genetic modification of the PPAR-gamma activity in ECs may be a potential approach for therapeutic intervention in various inflammatory disorders.[1]


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