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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Rig is a novel Ras-related protein and potential neural tumor suppressor.

The Ras superfamily consists of a large group of monomeric GTPases demonstrating homology to Ras oncoproteins. Although structurally similar, Ras-superfamily proteins are functionally diverse. Whereas some members exhibit oncogenic properties, others may serve as tumor suppressors. We have identified a novel Ras-related protein that suppresses cell growth and have designated it Rig (Ras-related inhibitor of cell growth). Overexpression of Rig inhibited Ras-mediated cellular transformation and activation of downstream signaling in NIH 3T3 cells. rig mRNA is expressed at high levels in normal cardiac and neural tissue. However, Rig protein expression is frequently lost or down-regulated in neural tumor-derived cell lines and primary human neural tumors. Moreover, expression of exogenous Rig in human astrocytoma cells suppressed growth. Rig has a C-terminal CAAX motif that codes for posttranslational modification by both farnesyl and geranylgeranyl isoprenoid lipids. Consequently, Rig may play a role in the cellular response to farnesyl transferase inhibitors. Rig bears 63% overall sequence homology to a recently described Ras-family member Noey2, a tumor suppressor in breast and ovarian tissue. Therefore, Rig and Noey2 may represent a new subfamily of Ras-like tumor suppressors.[1]

References

  1. Rig is a novel Ras-related protein and potential neural tumor suppressor. Ellis, C.A., Vos, M.D., Howell, H., Vallecorsa, T., Fults, D.W., Clark, G.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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