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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vascular endothelial growth factor-B-deficient mice show impaired development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension.

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that Vegf-B contributes to the pulmonary vascular remodelling, and the associated pulmonary hypertension, induced by exposure of mice to chronic hypoxia. METHODS: Right ventricular systolic pressure, the ratio of right ventricle/[left ventricle+septum] (RV/[LV+S]) and the thickness of the media (relative to vessel diameter) of intralobar pulmonary arteries (o.d. 50-150 and 151-420 microm) were determined in Vegfb knockout mice (Vegfb(-/-); n=17) and corresponding wild-type mice (Vegfb(+/+); n=17) exposed to chronic hypoxia (10% oxygen) or housed in room air (normoxia) for 4 weeks. RESULTS: In Vegfb(+/+) mice hypoxia caused (i) pulmonary hypertension (a 70% increase in right ventricular systolic pressure compared with normoxic Vegfb(+/+) mice; P<0.001), (ii) right ventricular hypertrophy (a 66% increase in RV/[LV+S]; P<0.001) and (iii) pulmonary vascular remodelling (a 27-36% increase in pulmonary arterial medial thickness; P<0.05). In contrast, in Vegfb(-/-) mice hypoxia did not cause any increase in either right ventricular systolic pressure or pulmonary arterial medial thickness; also right ventricular hypertrophy (41% increase in RV/[LV+S]; P<0.001) was less pronounced (P<0.05) than in Vegfb(+/+) mice. CONCLUSION: Vegf-B may have a role in the development of chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in mice by contributing to pulmonary vascular remodelling. If so, the effect of Vegf-B appears to be different from that of Vegf-A which is reported to protect against, rather than contribute to, hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodelling.[1]


  1. Vascular endothelial growth factor-B-deficient mice show impaired development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Wanstall, J.C., Gambino, A., Jeffery, T.K., Cahill, M.M., Bellomo, D., Hayward, N.K., Kay, G.F. Cardiovasc. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
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