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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rac GTPase activity is essential for lipopolysaccharide signaling to extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 MAP kinase activation in rat-2 fibroblasts.

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has potent proinflammatory properties by acting on many cell types. Recently, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 kinase, and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were shown to be involved in signal transduction in response to LPS. However, the detailed mechanism of LPS-induced signaling in the cell, especially the role of the Rho family GTPases remains largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of Rac1, a member of the Rho family GTPases, in the LPS-induced MAPKs activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts. Our results showed that LPS induced the activation of ERK and p38 MAP kinase in a Rac-dependent manner, suggesting a mediatory role of Rac1 in LPS signaling to MAPKs stimulation. We also observed that LPS caused a time-dependent activation of Rac1. In addition, our results have shown that pretreatment with herbimycin or wortmannin dramatically inhibited Rac1 activation induced by LPS. These suggest that tyrosine kinase(s) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ( PI 3-kinase) are possibly acting upstream of Rac1 in the LPS signaling to MAPKs.[1]


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