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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Multiple muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes modulate striatal dopamine release, as studied with M1-M5 muscarinic receptor knock-out mice.

A proper balance between striatal muscarinic cholinergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission is required for coordinated locomotor control. Activation of striatal muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) is known to modulate striatal dopamine release. To identify the mAChR subtype(s) involved in this activity, we used genetically altered mice that lacked functional M1-M5 mAChRs [knock-out (KO) mice]. In superfused striatal slices from wild-type mice, the non-subtype-selective muscarinic agonist oxotremorine led to concentration-dependent increases in potassium-stimulated [3H]dopamine release (by up to 60%). The lack of M1 or M2 receptors had no significant effect on the magnitude of these responses. Strikingly, oxotremorine-mediated potentiation of stimulated striatal [3H]dopamine release was abolished in M4 receptor KO mice, significantly increased in M3 receptor-deficient mice, and significantly reduced (but not abolished) in M5 receptor KO mice. Additional release studies performed in the presence of tetrodotoxin suggested that the dopamine release-stimulating M4 receptors are probably located on neuronal cell bodies, but that the release-facilitating M5 and the release-inhibiting M3 receptors are likely to be located on nerve terminals. Studies with the GABA(A) receptor blocker bicuculline methochloride suggested that M3 and M4 receptors mediate their dopamine release-modulatory effects via facilitation or inhibition, respectively, of striatal GABA release. These results provide unambiguous evidence that multiple mAChR subtypes are involved in the regulation of striatal dopamine release. These findings should contribute to a better understanding of the important functional roles that the muscarinic cholinergic system plays in striatal function.[1]


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