The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-6 and cAMP induce stromal cell-derived factor-1 chemotaxis in astroglia by up-regulating CXCR4 cell surface expression. Implications for brain inflammation.

The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 ( SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 control the migration of neurons and microglial cells in the central nervous system. Although functional CXCR4 is also expressed by astroglia, recent studies have failed to observe a chemotactic response of these cells to SDF-1. Here, we demonstrate that SDF-1-dependent chemotaxis can be induced by treating cultured cortical astroglia with either dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP; 10(-4) m) or interleukin-6 ( IL-6; 10 ng/ml). Flow cytometric analysis revealed that both the dbcAMP- and IL-6- induced onset of SDF-1-dependent chemotaxis of astroglia are due to the increased cell surface expression of CXCR4. In addition, dbcAMP and IL-6 also increased CXCR4 transcript levels, further suggesting that both treatments primarily affect CXCR4 surface expression in astroglia by stimulation of gene expression. Moreover, unlike the case with IL-6 and dbcAMP, which allowed for an optimal chemotactic response to SDF-1 only after 48 h, a similar chemotactic response, associated with an increase in CXCR4 cell surface expression, already occurred after 24 h when astroglial cultures were maintained with medium conditioned by IL-6- or dbcAMP-pretreated astrocytes, indicating that the stimulatory effects of IL-6 and cAMP on CXCR4 cell surface expression involve a secondary mechanism. The findings that elevated extracellular levels of IL-6 or factors positively coupled to cAMP result in increased CXCR4 cell surface expression levels and subsequent SDF-1-dependent chemotaxis in central nervous system astrocytes point to a crucial role of this chemokine during reactive gliosis and human immunodeficiency virus-mediated dementia.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities